What are hemorrhoids? What are its symptoms?
Hemorrhoids refers to the condition where an individual suffers from enlarged or swollen veins in the lower rectum. These could be both outside or inside the anus.
Here, the most common symptoms include:
Rectal bleeding is usually the main cause for this condition although there could be other more serious causes. Therefore, if you experience rectal bleeding, consult your doctor immediately.
What are the causes of haemorrhoids?
When the veins around your anus stretch under pressure, it tends to bulge or swell, which results in the formation of haemorrhoids.
Factors that can cause your veins to stretch include:
How are haemorrhoids diagnosed?
When you visit the clinic, your doctor will, first, do a visual examination of your anus. Most times, this may be sufficient. Your doctor may do other examinations to check for any abnormalities and to confirm your diagnosis.
Depending on your risk of developing other gastrointestinal conditions, your doctor will recommend additional tests like an anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. These tests will be performed using a colonoscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light at the end.
How are haemorrhoids treated?
You can be treated for haemorrhoids either at home or at the clinic. Your doctor will generally discuss what you can do to relieve the pain and to get rid of your haemorrhoids. This will depend on whether you have internal or external haemorrhoids.
Rubber band ligation is one of the most common procedures used as a form of treatment. If this doesn’t work, you may be recommended surgery to remove the haemorrhoids.
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