IBS is not a single medical condition, but a collection of gastrointestinal symptoms that may not be related to other bowel conditions like inflammatory bowel disease.
Why IBS happens is not entirely known, though some studies have linked IBS with abnormalities in the nerves of the intestines.
While IBS is not usually considered life-threatening, the severity of the condition varies from person to person and could last from days to months.
Patients with IBS may experience the following symptoms:
Bloating of the abdomen
Frequent changes in bowel movements
Diarrhoea (sometimes recurring)
Some IBS patients may experience episodes of constipation and diarrhoea. These symptoms may go away on their own, though they tend to come back after a while.
Although IBS is a fairly common gastrointestinal condition, several factors may cause greater discomfort to the patient.
IBS is more likely to occur in people below the age of 50
Women are more likely to get IBS
Psychological conditions can increase the chances of getting IBS
Having a recent infection in the gut
Having a family history of IBS
While the constant use of laxatives may cause changes in bowel habits, making a person experience symptoms of IBS, food allergies and intolerances may also trigger IBS in some cases.
While IBS does not pose any major health risks, it can affect a person’s quality of life. Based on the risk factors of the condition, you may or may not develop the disease.
An experienced gastrointestinal doctor can help you understand if you can develop IBS and provide you with the proper treatment needed to control IBS and live a normal life.
Dr Suhirdan Vivekanandarajah is a Sydney-based hepatologist and gastroenterologist who aims to give his patients the best diagnosis and treatment they need.
If you have IBS or suspect that you may have it, schedule an appointment with Dr Vivekanandarajah for treatment and support.
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