What is stomach cancer?
This is a condition that occurs when normal cells in the stomach transform into abnormal cells and grow out of control. Certain people with this type of cancer also suffer from H. pylori infection. This is a type of bacteria that attacks the stomach and intestines. This often leads to symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, or vomiting.
Stomach cancer often leads to signs including:
Most of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so make sure you consult your doctor if you’re experiencing these.
How can stomach cancer be diagnosed?
Tests for this condition mostly include an upper endoscopy. Here, your doctor will insert a thin tube with a camera through your mouth and examine your stomach.
How is stomach cancer treated?
If you are diagnosed with stomach cancer, the treatment options recommended will depend on the location, stage, and extent of your cancer. Your doctor will also consider your overall health and your preferences when creating a treatment plan for you.
The first line of treatment includes surgery. The goal of surgery is to remove all cancerous cells along with a few healthy cells surrounding them. There are various types of surgery that may be recommended for you based on your circumstances. These include:
This is a type of treatment in which chemicals are used to kill the cancer cells in your stomach. These drugs are used before surgery to shrink cancer and after surgery, to kill remaining cancer cells.
Radiation is used to kill the cancer cells in your stomach. This can be used both before and after surgery.
Blood in stools
Diarrhoea and constipation
When cancer spreads to the stomach linings, patients may experience swelling in their upper abdomen. This happens due to fluids building up.
Stomach cancer can be treated if it is diagnosed at its early stages. Unfortunately, in most cases, this type of cancer isn’t detectable until it’s in its later stages.
A dull pain above the navel
Feeling full after a small meal
Stomach cancer is a slow-growing form of cancer and it could take over a year to spread. Due to this, most symptoms don’t appear until the cancer is at its late stages.
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