Nausea is usually linked to certain gastrointestinal issues, such as overeating, acid reflux, infection, and many other gastro health conditions.
Efficiently managing the effects of nausea can only be done after a professional diagnosis that determines the causes, symptoms, and suitable treatment measures.
Initiating a nursing care plan for nausea may help provide many benefits, as trained nurses will provide the necessary advice and methods to reduce the discomfort that follows nausea.
What does a nausea nursing care plan address?
After the initial diagnosis stages that are conducted to confirm that the symptoms you’re experiencing are related to nausea, a nursing care plan is usually considered the second stage of diagnosis along with professional care.
Nausea care plans may be implemented due to:
- Exposure to toxins
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Motion sickness
- Treatment procedures such as chemotherapy or radiation
- Alcohol poisoning
- Side effects from certain medications
This condition is determined by the following symptoms:
- Aversion from food
- Gagging sensation
- Sour taste
- Increased swallowing and salvation
- Cold, clammy skin
How is a nausea care plan assessed?
Assessing the causes and characteristics of nausea
Nausea might occur due to certain medical treatments or various physical or situational causes. Assessing the cause and characteristics of nausea can be extremely beneficial when planning a suitable and effective treatment plan.
Monitoring the hydration status
Due to the aversion to food and fluids, you’re likely to experience dehydration due to fluid loss, especially if you’re experiencing vomiting. Therefore, your hydration status must be monitored closely.
What interventions can a nursing care plan provide for nausea?
A nursing care plan for nausea is mainly implemented to ease the discomfort that you may be experiencing. Such a care plan will often offer the following interventions:
- Providing routine oral care to decrease any unpleasant odours and aftertastes in the mouth
- Ensuring that the surroundings don’t have any strong odours that trigger nausea
- Encouraging the consumption of small, frequent meals to ensure proper nutrition
- Planning healthy diet plans that are low in fat and spices
- Administering antiemetics for relief
Nausea is a condition that may cause fluid deficiencies and imbalanced nutrition, which is why a nursing care plan may usually address these side effects to minimise their impacts. This can be done by:
- Assessing vital signs
- Monitoring for signs of malnutrition
- Offering food with a high water content
- Providing a high-caloric diet in small quantities
What are the outcomes of a successful nursing plan?
A nursing plan that focuses on providing relief for nausea will usually result in the following outcomes:
A decrease in nausea and an increase in the ability to ingest clear liquids without vomiting or nausea
A strict diet plan excluding food and drink that may trigger the feeling of nausea
A professional gastroenterologist can provide the best nursing care plan for nausea
Dr Suhirdan Vivekanandarajah is a Sydney-based gastroenterologist and hepatologist specialising in providing expert medical care for gastrointestinal-related illnesses.
Schedule a consultation today to find out more about nursing care plans that address nausea.